Saturday, 30 April 2011


Kumarasami Kamaraj (Tamil: குமாரசாமி காமராஜ்) better known as K. Kamaraj (15 July 1903 – 2 October 1975) was an Indian politician from Tamil Nadu widely acknowledged as the "Kingmaker" in Indian politics during the 1960s. He was the chief minister of Tamil Nadu during 1954-1963 and a Member of Parliament during 1952-1954 and 1969-1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity.

He was involved in the Indian independence movement. As a high ranking office bearer of the Indian National Congress, he was instrumental in bringing to power two Prime Ministers, Lal Bahadur Shastri in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1966. In Tamil Nadu, his home state, he is still remembered for bringing school education to millions of the rural poor by introducing free education and the free Mid-day Meal Scheme during his tenure as chief minister. He was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, posthumously in 1976. The domestic terminal of the Chennai airport is named "Kamaraj Terminal" in his honour and the Madurai Kamaraj University has been renamed after him
K. Kamaraj

Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Nagercoil
In office
Preceded by A. Nesamony
Succeeded by Kumari Ananthan
Constituency Nagercoil

Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for Sattur
In office
Preceded by S. Ramaswamy Naidu
Succeeded by S. Ramaswamy Naidu
Constituency Sattur

Member of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly for Gudiyatham
In office
Preceded by Rathnaswamy and A. J. Arunachala Mudaliar
Succeeded by V. K. Kothandaraman and T. Manavalan
Constituency Gudiyatham

Chief Minister of the Madras State (Tamil Nadu)
In office
Preceded by C. Rajagopalachari
Succeeded by M. Bhakthavatsalam

Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) for Srivilliputhur
In office
Preceded by None
Succeeded by S. S. Natarajan
Constituency Srivilliputhur

President of the Indian National Congress (Organisation)
In office
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Morarji Desai

President of the Indian National Congress
In office
Preceded by Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded by S. Nijalingappa

President of the Madras Provincial Congress Committee
In office
Succeeded by P. Subbarayan

Born 15 July 1903(1903-07-15)
Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu, India
Died 2 October 1975(1975-10-02)
Chennai , Tamil Nadu, India
Nationality Indian
Spouse(s) NIL
Children NIL
Religion Hindu
File:Statue of Kamarajar.jpg

chinnappayale song lyrics

Chinnappayalae chinnappayalae saedhi kaeladaa
naan sollappoagum vaarthaiyai nallaa ennippaaradaa
nee ennippaaradaa


aalum valaranum arivum valaranum adhudhaandaa valarchchi - unnai
aasaiyoadu eenravalukku adhuvae nee tharum magizhchchi
- un
naramboadudhaan pinni valaranum thanmaana unarchchi
thanmaana unarchchi


vaeppamara uchchiyil ninnu paeyonnu aadudhunnu
vilaiyaadap poagumboadhu solliveppaanga - un
veeraththaik kozhundhilaeyae killiveppaanga - indha
vaelaiyatra veenargalin moolaiyatra vaarthaigalai
vaedikkaiyaagak kooda nambividaadhae - nee
veettirkullae bayandhukidandhu vembividaadhae
nee vembi vidaadhae


Friday, 29 April 2011


It took N T Rama Rao just nine months to turn himself from an onscreen mythological hero to the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh. He laucnhed the Telugu Desam Party in March 1982 and by January 1983 he was chief minister.

Telugu Pride and the quest for an alternative to the Congress became NTR's political platform.
Political analyst, T Ramchandriah says, "Audiences saw him as a demi-god as he essayed roles of Gods in his mythological films. Also at that time there was political space for a big leader. So both these factors worked together to ensure his sweeping success to power."
However, a decade before NTR scripted success in Andhra politics , in neighboring Tamil Nadu, a star had emerged as the undisputed leader - M G Ramachandran, more popularly known as MGR.
MGR, unlike his Telugu colleague started off with the Congress and then entered the Dravidian movement way back in the 1950's, but a rivalry with Karunanidhi meant he would be expelled from the party in 1972.
A former minister in MGR's cabinet, Panrotti Ramachandran says, "In 1972 ,Karunanidhi expelled MGR and that resulted in a massive feeling that a hero who fights for the poor has been betrayed by a politician and that's a feeling which lasted till the very end."
The onscreen hero who fought for the poor took his screen image to real life politics - an image that helped him remain chief minister till he died in 1987.
Their political paths were different but MGR and NTR share one common criticism - they were both larger than the party they started and were often considered autocratic, a criticism that they share with most actors who turn to politics including MGR's co-star and political successor, J Jayalalithaa.
Panrotti Ramachandran says, "You see when a star enters politics, he derives his power from the people and once he has derived his power then the party organsiation comes in to execute the power."
Despite all their critics, together NTR and MGR leave behind a legacy that's beyond the parties they started, a legacy that makes politics virtually a retirement plan for most south Indian superheros.

Tuesday, 26 April 2011


# Name
Took office Left office Term Political party Election

p.s kumaraswamy raja

26 January 1950 9 April 1952 1 Indian National Congress  1946 Madras Legislative Assemby

2 c.rajagopalachari
10 April 1952 13 April 1954 2 Indian National Congress   1952 Madras Legislative Assembly Election

13 April 1954 31 March 1957 1 Indian National Congress

4 K. Kamaraj 13 April 1957 1 March 1962 2 Indian National Congress  1957 Madras Legislative Assembly Election

5 K. Kamaraj 15 March 1962 2 October 1963 3 Indian National Congress  1962 Madras Legislative Assembly Election

6  M.Baktavatsalam
2 October 1963 6 March 1967 1 Indian National Congress

7  C.N.Annadurai
6 March 1967 14 January 1969 1  DMK  1967 State Assembly Elections


# Name
Took office Left office Term Political party Election

1 C.N.Annadurai
14 January 1969 3 February 1969 1  DMK  1967 Assembly Elections


2  V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)
3 February 1969 10 February 1969 1 DMK

M. Karunanidhi

10 February 1969 4 January 1971 1 DMK

4 M. Karunanidhi 15 March 1971 31 January 1976 2 DMK  1971 State Assembly Elections

 Presidents Rule
31 January 1976 30 June 1977

5  M.G.Ramachandran
30 June 1977 17 February 1980 1 AIADMK  1977 State Assembly Elections

President's rule
17 February 1980 9 June 1980

6 M. G. Ramachandran
9 June 1980 15 November 1984 2 AIADMK  1980 State Assembly Elections

7 M. G. Ramachandran 10 February 1985 24 December 1987 3 AIADMK  1984 State Assembly Elections

8 V.R. Nedunchezhiyan (acting)
24 December 1987 7 January 1988 2 AIADMK

9  Janaki Ramachandran
7 January 1988 30 January 1988 1 AIADMK

President's rule
30 January 1988 27 January 1989

10 M. Karunanidhi
27 January 1989 30 January 1991 3 DMK  1989 State Assembly Elections

President's rule
30 January 1991 24 June 1991

11  J.Jayalalitha
24 June 1991 12 May 1996 1 AIADMK  1991 State Assembly Elections

12 M. Karunanidhi
13 May 1996 13 May 2001 4 DMK  1996 State Assembly Elections

- J. Jayalalithaa
14 May 2001 21 September 2001 - AIADMK  2001 State Assembly Elections

13  O.Panneerselvam
21 September 2001 1 March 2002 1 AIADMK

14 J. Jayalalithaa
2 March 2002 12 May 2006 2 AIADMK

15 M. Karunanidhi
13 May 2006  CURRENT 5 DMK  2006 State Assembly Elections


He was the foremost political leader of the state of Madras (now called Tamil Nadu).

Annadurai - fondly referred to Anna or elder brother - was a politician, playright, journalist and scriptwriter for Tamil movies.

Born into a lower middle class family of weavers in Kanchipuram, Annadurai was the son of Natarajan and his wife Bangaru Ammal.

Annadurai studied at the Pachaiyappa's High School in Madras (now Chennai) and later got his BA and MA from the Pachaiyappa's College.

A good debater in both Tamil and English, Annadurai became a follower of the rationalist and Dravida Kazhagam leader E.V.Ramasamy Naicker a.k.a. Periyar (elder).

Disillusioned with the Dravida Kazhagam's reluctance to enter the political arena, Annadurai parted ways with Periyar and founded the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party in 1949.

In the 1957 state Legislative Assembly elections, Annadurai won from the Kancheepuram constituency defeating P.S.Srinivasan of the Congress party. Annadurai secured 51.94% of the votes versus 33.77% for the runner-up Srinivasan.

The DMK fared even better in the 1962 state Legislative Assembly elections winning 50 seats out of the 143 it contested.

But Annadurai, who contested in the 1962 state Legislative Assembly elections from the Kancheepuram constituency, lost to a Congress candidate S.V.Natesha Mudaliar. It was not a narrow defeat for Annadurai because his oponent got 54.8% of the votes.

However, he was nominated to the Rajya Sabha (Upper House) of the Indian Parliament.

It was his secessionist speeches in Parliament that brought Annadurai to the national limelight. On May 5, 1962, Annadurai stunned his fellow parliamentarians and the country by advocating the secession of the four south Indian states including Madras, the state he hailed from.

Annadurai mooted that India should be turned into "a comity of nations instead of a medley of disgruntled units." Parliament was shocked and so was Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.

Annadurai had two complaints - discrimination against the southern states and imposition of the Hindi language.

An angry Nehru declared that the creation of Pakistan was "bad enough." To Nehru, any more divisions would balkanize India into "thousands of bits" and he vowed to resist such secessionist demands with all force.

Subsequently, Annadurai toned down his secessionist rhetoric and he and his DMK party focused on opposing the Hindi language.

In the 1967 state Legislative Assembly elections, the DMK defeated the Congress party handily and Annadurai became the first non-Congress Chief Minister of Madras (now known as Tamil Nadu).

Of the 174 seats the DMK contested, it won 137 and secured 40.69% of the total votes. The Congress party got 41.1% of the total votes but won just 51 of the 232 seats it contested.

Annadurai died of cancer on February 3, 1969 leaving behind a wife. His funeral was attended by a record 15 million people, a testament to the popularity of this leader.


MGR's father had two wives, one is Sathyabama and another wife lived in Kerala (they had two sons, who had correspondence with M.G.Chakrapani, but MGR disliked and did not contact them because they did not help when MGR father died) MGR's Father is a Magistrate (there is no doubt about it as there are lot of false informations such as he is a civil servant, Principal and even a Shop keeper) after MGR's father Gopala Menon died, Sathyabama and two children MGC and MGR left all there belongings in Sri Lanka. They came to Kerala, Gopala Menon‘s another wife drove them away (First wife children had two daughters Kamalakshi, Sumitra, and one son named Balakrishnan, they are not born to Satyabhamma, in most of the books about MGR the authors had said that MGR had 2 brothers 2 sisters and MGR is the last son of Sathyabama but the truth is opposite) then and without anybodys help they traveled to Burma & Rangoon and stayed shortly and then came to Erode and stayed with their relatives for sometime and finally they came to Kumbakonam. Their mother worked in several places and wanted her children to go to school. She founded very difficult to send their children to school, near by their was a drama troupe they went to acting and her mother joined them and in the drama troupe the first role got by.
MGR was very much childish he gets angry so quick that MGC used to convince him every time, even in Family matters and as well as in Cinema shooting.
'Arasakattalai' was produced and Directed by MGC but MGR was the real Director, The film took 3 years in making. MGC also acted in Arasakattalai but due to length of the movie his part got deleted.

MGC family include 10 children

M.G.C.Sukumar acted in three movies and one film 'Nadigan Kural' only climax scene is left.

Sunday, 24 April 2011

mgr political carrer

MGR was a member of the Congress Party till 1953 and he used to wear kathar and wear vibhuti on his forehead. In 1953 MGR joined the DMK. He became a vocal Tamil and Dravidian nationalist and prominent member of the DMK (Dravidian Progressive Federation). He added glamour to the Dravidian movement which was sweeping Tamil Nadu. He became a member of the state Legislative Council in 1962. He was first elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1967. After the death of his mentor, Annadurai, MGR became the treasurer of DMK in 1969 after Karunanidhi became the chief minister.
In 1967, he was shot in the neck by fellow actor and political aspirant M.R. Radha. The bullet was permanently lodged in his neck and his voice damaged. He wanted the financial details of the party to be publicised which enraged the leadership of DMK and in 1972, MGR was expelled from the party. MGR then floated a new party named Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK) which was later renamed All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), the only powerful opponent of the DMK. He became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu in 1977, and remained in office till his death in 1987. In 1979, Members of his party became the first dravidian and non-congress party from Tamil Nadu to become ministers in the Union Cabinet. It is to be noted that the AIADMK won every state assembly election as long as MGR was alive. He was the first film actor to be a Chief Minister in India.

Saturday, 23 April 2011


Maruthur Gopalan Ramachandran (Malayalam: മരുതൂര്‍ ഗോപാലന്‍ രാമചന്ദ്രന്‍, Tamil: மருதூர் கோபாலன் இராமச்சந்திரன்) (January 17, 1917 – December 24, 1987), popularly known by his initials MGR (Tamil: எம்.ஜி.ஆர்), was an Indian film actor, producer and politician.
In his youth, MGR and his elder brother, M. G. Chakrapani became members of a drama troupe to support their family. Influenced by Gandhian ideals, MGR joined the Indian National Congress. After a few years of acting in plays, he made his film debut in the 1936 film Sathi Leelavathi in a supporting role. In the late 1940s he graduated to leading roles and for the next three decades dominated the Tamil film industry.He became a member of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and rose rapidly through its ranks. He successfully used his popularity as a film hero to build a large political base. In 1972, he left the DMK to form his own party the Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK). In 1977 he became the chief minister of Tamil Nadu - the first film actor in India to become the chief minister of a state. He remained as chief minister till his death in 1987.
In Tamil Nadu, he has a reputation for philanthropism and is considered to be one of the greatest political leaders and actors of the state. He is idolized by his followers as Puratchi Thalaivar (lit. Revolutionary leader MGR was posthumously honoured with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award.

Early life and background

MGR was born in Nawalapitiya near Kandy, British Ceylon (present day Sri Lanka), to immigrant Keralite parents — Melakkath Gopala Menon and Maruthur Satyabhama. His family was originally from Vadavannur, Palakkad, Kerala, but his father had migrated with his family to Ceylon. Melakkath Gopala Menon had been excommunicated from Keralite society (bhrasht) during a Smarthavicharam in 1903, regarding an fake allegation that dealt with an illicit relationship with a widowed Brahmin woman; and hence he left his family, and married Maruthur Satybhama , and migrated to Ceylon
MGR was a Hindu and portrayed himself as a devotee of Lord Murugan, as is common practice for many Hindus in Sri Lanka.This was during his early days. Later, when he joined the DMK,a pro-rationalist party,he followed the rationalist ideology, though not appearing very aggressively atheistic.However,in later days after he founded his own party following his expulsion from the DMK, he seems to have shown some leaning towards religious faith. He had asked his followers to pray for the success of his AIADMK party.
His followers even prayed for him when it was determined that he had a kidney illness. After his demise, his wife opened up a temple in his name.
After his father's death, he joined a drama troupe called Original Boys. Later, he entered the world of cinema, becoming an actor, and later a director, producer, and editor. MGR married Bargavi also known as Thangamani who died early due to illness. He later married Sathanandavathi who also died soon due to Tuberculosis. M. G. R. married V. N. Janaki a former Tamil film actress as his third wife after the death of his second wife. Janaki divorced her husband Ganapati Bhat, to marry MGR.

 Acting career

He made his film debut in 1935, in the film Sati Leelavati, directed by Ellis Dungan, an American born film director. Generally starring in romance or action films, MGR got his big breakthrough in the 1947 film Rajakumaari, written by M. Karunanidhi.Soon he rose to superstardom in the 1954 blockbuster'Malaikallan'. He acted as hero in the Tamil film industry's first ever colour movie, the 1955 blockbuster ' Ali Baba and the forty thieves'. He rose to become the heart throb of millions of Indians with movies such as 'Anbe Vaa', 'Aayirathil Oruvan', 'Mahadevi', 'Panam Padaithavan', 'Ulagam Sutrum Vaalibhan','Adimaippenn'etc..,. He won the National Film Award for Best Actor for the film Rickshakaran. His film Nadodi Mannan,which was a tamil version of the interpretation of the Prisoner of Zenda,was produced and directed by himself and released in 1956, ran to full houses. His 1973 blockbuster' Ulagam Sutrum Vaalibhan' broke previous box office records. It was one of the few movies shot in abroad in those days. It was shot in nations like Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong and Japan.The DMK unsuccessfully tried to curtail that movie. His acting career ended in 1978 with his last movie, Madurai Meetta SundaraPandian, which he acted when he was the Chief Minister of the state.He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in 1988 (posthumous).

MGR embracing Rajkumar during the latter's visit to Chennai

Political career

MGR was a member of the Congress Party till 1953 and he used to wear Khādī. In 1953 MGR joined the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) with the help of M. Karunanidhi. He became a vocal Tamil and Dravidian nationalist and prominent member of the DMK] ("Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam" aka Dravidian Progressive Federation). He added glamour to the Dravidian movement which was sweeping Tamil Nadu. He became a member of the state Legislative Council in 1962. He was first elected to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in 1967. After the death of his mentor, Annadurai, MGR became the treasurer of DMK in 1969 after Karunanidhi became the chief minister.
On the 12th of January 1967, he was shot in the neck by fellow actor M.R. Radha. The bullet was permanently lodged in his neck and his voice damaged. Within hours of the shooting, some 50,000-odd fans had gathered at the hospital where MGR had been taken. People cried in the streets. For six weeks, he lay in the hospital as fans awaited each report of his health. He was visited by a steady stream of commoners and luminaries of film industry, polity and bureaucracy.From his hospital bed, he conducted his campaign for Madras Legislative Assembly. He won twice the number of votes polled by his Congress rival and the largest vote polled by any candidate for the Assembly.

MGR at a function in January (1968)
In 1972, DMK leader Karunanithi started to project his first son M.K.Muthu in a big way in film industry and also in politics. Understanding the tactics played by Karunanithi to corner him, MGR started to claim that corruption had grown within the party after the demise of Annadurai and in a public meeting asked for the financial details of the party to be publicized which enraged the leadership of DMK. Consequently, as expected, MGR was expelled from the party, and floated a new party named Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (ADMK), later renamed All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), the only powerful opponent of the DMK.He mobilised the period between 1972-1977 to spread and preach his party ambiition with films like Netru Indru Naalai(1974), Idhayakani(1975) etc..,. He became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on the 30th of July 1977, remaining in office till his death in 1987. In 1979, members of his party Satyavani Muthu and Aravinda Bala Pajanor, became the first non-Congress politicians from Tamil Nadu to be ministers in the Union Cabinet. The AIADMK won every state assembly election as long as MGR was alive. Although Anna Durai as well as Karunanidhi had acted in stage plays in trivial roles, in their younger days, before becoming chief minister, MGR was the first popular film actor to be a Chief Minister in India.
Once he became Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, he placed great emphasis on social development, especially education. One of his most successful policies was the introduction of the "Mid-day Meal Scheme" introduced by the popular Congress Chief Minister and Kingmaker K Kamaraj to a nutritious Mid-day Meal Scheme in the Government-run and aided schools in Tamil Nadu, which encouraged underprivileged children to attend schools. He also introduced Women's Special buses. He set up a free school for the Cinema Technicians children in Kodambakkam called MGR Primary & Higher Secondary School which provided Free Mid-Day meals in the 1950s. He led the ADMK to victory in the 1984 assembly elections despite not taking part in the campaigning. At that time he was undergoing medical treatment in America and his images were broadcast in Tamil Nadu through cinema halls. This was an effective campaign tactic and ADMK won the elections, indicating the depth of his popular support.
His was instrumental in setting up the Tamil University and the Mother Theresa Women's University in Tamil Nadu.

 Member of Legislative Assembly

Year Elected/Reelected Place Party
1967 Elected St. Thomas Mount DMK
1971 Reelected St. Thomas Mount DMK
1977 Elected Aruppukottai ADMK
1980 Elected Madurai West ADMK
1984 Elected Andipatti ADMK

Chief Minister

From Year To Year Election
1977 1980 Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1977
1980 1984 Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1980
1984 1987 Tamil Nadu state assembly election, 1984


  • National Film Award for Best Actor for the film Rickshakaran in 1972.
  • Honorary doctorate received from University of Madras and The World University (Arizona).
  • Bharat Ratna was conferred by the Government of India (posthumously) in 1988 for his reformation activities and support from Tamil Nadu.
One famous incident was that MGR was nominated for the Padmashree award from the Government of India but he refused to accept as the wording was in Hindi and not in Tamil in 1960.


He personally offered relief in disasters and calamities like fire, flood, drought, and cyclones. He was the first donor during the war with China in 1962, donating Rs. 75,000 to the war fund. He was the founder and editor of Thai weekly magazine and Anna daily newspaper in Tamil. He was the owner of Sathya Studios and Emgeeyar Pictures (willed to charity) which produced many of the films he acted in. He gifted a golden sword weighing half a Kilogram to Mookambika temple in Kollur, Udupi district.


In October 1984, MGR was diagnosed with kidney failure and rushed to the Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, United States for treatment, undergoing a kidney transplant. MGR died on December 24, 1987 after his prolonged illness. His death sparked off a frenzy of looting and rioting all over the state of Tamil Nadu. Shops, movie theatres, buses and other public and private property became the target of violence let loose all over the state. The police had to resort issuing shoot-at-sight orders. Tamilians from Bangalore rushed to Madras in trains to see the mortal remains of MGR. Govt had announced free train facility for this visit. The violence during the funeral alone left 29 people dead and 47 police personnel badly wounded.  This state of affairs continued for almost a month all over the state of Tamil Nadu. Around one million people followed his remains, around 30 followers committed suicide and people had their heads tonsured. After his death, his political party, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, split between his wife Janaki Ramachandran and J. Jayalalithaa; they later merged in 1988. In 1989 Dr. M. G. R. Home and Higher Secondary School for the Speech and Hearing Impaired was established in the erstwhile Residence MGR Gardens, Ramavaram, in accordance with his will dated January 17, 1986. His official residence at 27, Arcot Street, T.Nagar is now MGR Memorial House and is open for public viewing. His film studio, Sathya Studios has been converted into a women's college.


As Actor

As producer & director

Year Film Role Notes
1958 Nadodi Mannan
MGR's First film as Director,
1973 Ulagam Sutrum Valiban
MGR's Second film as Director,
1977 Madhurai Meetha Sundharapandian
MGR's Third film as Director,